Hypertension and weight problems are harmful well being situations that may trigger a number of different well being problems. Particularly in the course of the coronavirus pandemic, it’s much more necessary to maintain each in examine as a result of they’re comorbid situations of COVID-19 and might make it deadly.
So, Dr Ketan L Pakhale (Bariatric Doctor and specialist in Metabolism Syndrome) delivered a webinar on hypertension and weight problems just lately. He defined a number of ideas associated to hypertension and weight problems in order that all of us can perceive these issues higher and take the appropriate motion on the proper time.
What’s metabolic syndrome?
Metabolic syndrome is a well being situation during which three of the next issues happen concurrently in a person-
- Weight problems
- Excessive stage of triglycerides in lipid profile
So what does it imply if an individual has metabolic syndrome? These individuals are extra more likely to develop coronary heart issues equivalent to coronary heart assault or cardiac arrest. In keeping with a survey, practically 60% of individuals have this syndrome.
Dr Pakhale stresses on the necessity of taking metabolic syndrome significantly as a result of it’s really a cluster of main illnesses.
Hypertension means an increase in blood stress. In keeping with older tips issued by the American Coronary heart Affiliation, if blood stress exceeds 120/80 mm of Hg, then it will probably harm your coronary heart. However right this moment, the particular person’s bodily situation, age, way of life selections, medical historical past and the presence of sure signs equivalent to chest ache, headache or breathlessness will decide if the particular person has hypertension.
In case you are identified with hypertension, you’ll be prescribed medicines and you’ll consistently want to watch your blood stress.
Why does hypertension come up?
Our lives are traumatic and it’s the main reason behind hypertension. Through the COVID-19 lockdown, stress has reached an all-time excessive. Nervousness in regards to the lack of revenue, traumatic situations at house, worrying in regards to the well being of our family members can enhance your blood stress.
- Way of life
Individuals who chew tobacco or smoke for lengthy durations are more likely to develop hypertension. Alcohol consumption is one other definitive reason behind hypertension.
- Weight problems
Being chubby results in hypertension. It’s a vicious cycle. Weight problems causes hypertension, which in flip is linked to diabetes and dyslipidemia. And you may as well develop metabolic syndrome. You might also develop kidney problems, thyroid issues, PCOD and so forth.
- The meals you eat
Spicy meals that individuals normally love are dangerous information for his or her blood stress. Delicate drinks too are particularly poisonous in your physique due to the presence of extreme sugar and preservatives (chemical compounds).
Excessive salt consumption can also be linked to hypertension as a result of sodium causes water retention. It makes individuals crave for fatty meals which are cooked in refined oils, which aren’t good in your well being in any respect.
Meals sweeteners utilized in desserts, ice lotions, drinks additionally have to be prevented as a lot as potential. You may eat them moderately. However should you eat an excessive amount of of sweeteners, it will probably make you overweight and offer you hypertension.
In girls, menopause is one more reason that may trigger hypertension.
How will you stop hypertension or hold it in examine?
- In keeping with Dr Pakhale, you need to attempt to keep away from or eat the next meals in small quantities to regulate hypertension –
- Desserts, sweets and ice lotions
- Delicate drinks
- Processed or canned meals
- Meals containing preservatives
- Deep-fried quick meals
- Be bodily lively. Doing planks & strolling inside your house are some workouts to maintain your physique match. Figuring out additionally initiates the secretion of endorphins (happiness hormone) that beats stress and prevents hypertension.
- Individuals with hypertension must take medicines. Remedy could be very efficient in managing hypertension. So you should comply with your physician’s directions and take your medicines on time.
- 5 minutes of meditation is obligatory to maintain your thoughts peaceable and enhance your focus.
What are the well being problems attributable to long-term hypertension?
- Retinopathy- On this situation, the blood vessels in your retina burst and this causes blurry imaginative and prescient or lack of imaginative and prescient.
- Persistent Kidney harm and even kidney failure the place dialysis will probably be required.
- Atherosclerosis: On this situation, your blood vessels change into rigid and exhausting due to fats deposition.
What’s weight problems?
1 out of each 2 Indians is overweight. It will increase the probability of untimely demise. In India, weight problems remains to be not acknowledged as a significant illness.
Weight problems is extra visceral fats. When fat accumulate in your physique, the cells are packed intently collectively and this cuts off the oxygen provide.
This will result in hypertension, PCOD and diabetes. Even youngsters can change into overweight and sooner or later, they too will develop the above-mentioned sicknesses and even most cancers. Weight problems additionally makes individuals really feel insecure about their appears to be like they usually could even undergo social stigma.
Nonetheless, should you drop a few pounds, it is going to instantly scale back the chance of contracting different harmful sicknesses. It has additionally been noticed that with correct weight management measures, individuals had been capable of cease taking medicines for hypertension, diabetes and antidepressants.
So what causes weight problems?
If you eat extra meals than you want and your vitality expenditure is low, it results in weight problems.
Weight problems is preventable, reversible and treatable.
Individuals with weight problems can even go for bariatric surgical procedure. However afterwards, they have to be cautious about their food plan or they may change into malnourished.
Steps to take in the course of the pandemic to handle hypertension and weight problems
- Eat healthily and in small parts.
- Take up train challenges to scale back weight and enhance your metabolic well being.
Sustaining your metabolic well being is the important thing to a life freed from well being problems. Now, greater than ever, we have to be totally cautious about what we eat, our bodily actions and way of life selections. With correct measures, metabolic syndrome will be saved at bay.
Q. Can hypothyroidism be attributable to grief over the lack of a cherished one?
A. Hypertension will be attributable to the stress and trauma triggered by the demise of a cherished one. However it’s non permanent and with treatment, correct food plan and bodily train and meditation, it may be taken care of.
Generally hypertension may end up in hypothyroidism.
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